Weight management

What are the steps for a full body treatment in a beauty salon?

If you usually wear makeup, first remove makeup, then cleanse your face, then trim your eyebrows and remove blackheads. If you have exfoliation, you have to exfoliate, and then massage. During this period, you may be sprayed with a cold spray or a hot spray (the cold spray is for allergic skin, and the hot spray is to open the pores so that the massage cream can be better absorbed). Then it is the upper mask. (The upper mask takes about 30 minutes, and the beautician will massage your head, shoulders and hands) Finally, remove the mask, cleanse your face again, and apply some moisturizing and sunscreen to you! There is no more!! Supplement: If you bring your own cosmetics, you have to negotiate the price with them when you go to the beauty salon. How much is the single time, because you only need the beautician to do it by hand. If your essential oil is for the face, you can bring it. Serum must be brought. Normally, if you wear makeup, bring makeup remover, then bring facial cleanser, softening water, massage cream, mask, and sunscreen. Basically, these are the basics!!

skin care routine by dermatologist

The most basic theory of nursing procedures?

, Overview

1, The steps of nursing procedures. Nursing procedures are the working procedures applied by nurses when caring for the object of care. They are a method of systematically solving problems. They are a continuous, circular and dynamic process. It consists of 5 steps:

(1) Evaluation This step is the first step in the nursing process, that is, the nurse systematically collects information related to the health of the nursing object through various methods and approaches such as observation, inquiry, and physical examination, and analyzes and organizes the data. Evaluation is a; continuous process that runs through the entire process of the nursing process.

(2) Nursing diagnosis means that the nurse analyzes the data obtained from the evaluation against the standards to confirm the problems of the nursing object and clarify the nursing diagnosis.

(3) In the planning stage, the nurse formulates a nursing plan based on the determined nursing diagnosis, lists the order of nursing diagnosis, determines the expected nursing goals, formulates corresponding nursing measures, and forms text.

(4) The implementation stage is the specific nursing activities of the nurse to execute and complete the nursing plan. The nurse selectively provides nursing measures for the nursing object according to the nursing plan every day to solve their nursing problems.

(5) The evaluation stage is based on the results of the physical changes of the nursing object after the nursing activity, and judges against the expected goals to determine the degree to which the goals have been achieved.

The 5 steps of the nursing program are interrelated, interdependent and mutually influenced, and are a cyclical process.

2. Characteristics of the nursing program

(1) run through the concept of service object-centered, reflecting the person-centered holistic nursing.

(2) Has a specific goal, that is, to solve the health problems and related responses of the nursing object, and to provide high-quality care to the patient.

(3) is a cyclic and dynamic process.

(4) It is organized and planned, and has a guiding role in nursing work.

(5) It is interactive and collaborative, and can encourage patients to take the initiative to participate in nursing care and promote the formation of a good nurse-patient relationship.

(6) It is universally adaptable, and can use nursing procedures to provide care to various nursing objects in different occasions.

(7) Be creative, nursing 2 can use nursing procedures creative status nursing procedures to provide nursing care.

(8) Based on scientific theories such as system theory and basic needs hierarchy.

(9) Involves knowledge and skills in multiple disciplines such as biology, psychology, sociology, and humanities.

3. Theoretical basis of nursing procedures Many theories need to be used in the process of executing nursing procedures, mainly including general system theory, basic needs hierarchy theory, communication theory, stress and adaptation theory, Roy’s adaptation model and Orem’s self-care model. Among them, general system theory is the theoretical framework of nursing procedures.

II. Nursing evaluation

1. Classification of data

(1) Subjective data Subjective data is the main complaint of the nursing object, which is the content of their experiences, feelings, thoughts and worries.

(2) Objective data Objective data is the data obtained by the nurse through observation, experience or with the help of diagnostic instruments and laboratory tests.

2. Source of data

(1) Nursing object, is the main source of data.

(2) Family members or close relatives of the nursing object.

(3) Other health care personnel.

(4) Medical records and various examination reports.

(5) Documentation of medical treatment and nursing.

3. Methods of collecting data The methods of collecting data include conversation, observation, physical evaluation, and consultation.

4. Steps of collecting data The methods of collecting data include collecting data, organizing data, verifying data, analyzing data, and recording data.

III. Nursing diagnosis

Nursing diagnosis is a clinical judgment about the reaction of individuals, families, and communities to existing potential health problems or life processes. It is the basis for nurses to achieve expected results and choose nursing measures. These expected results are the responsibility of nurses.

1. Component Nursing diagnosis is composed of four parts: name, definition, basis of diagnosis, and related factors.

(1) A general description of the name on the health status or disease response of the nursing object. According to the name, it can be divided into existing nursing diagnosis, dangerous nursing diagnosis, and healthy nursing diagnosis. Three kinds of statements of nursing diagnosis: ① Three-part statement method: namely PSE formula, nursing diagnosis name (P) symptoms and signs, and also including other test results (S) related factors (E), mostly used for existing nursing diagnosis. Such as inefficient respiratory morphology (P): Cyanosis, shortness of breath (S): related to chest pain (E).

② Two-part statement method: that is, only the name of nursing diagnosis (P) related factors (E), no symptoms and signs, mostly used for “nursing diagnosis with?? danger”. Occupational risk of impaired skin integrity (P): related to long-term bed rest and forced position (E).

③ Part statement method: only the name of nursing diagnosis (P), used for health nursing diagnosis. Such as breastfeeding is effective.

(2) Definition Nursing diagnosis is a clear and accurate description of the name of nursing diagnosis.

(3) Diagnosis is based on the clinical judgment criteria for making nursing diagnosis, usually related symptoms, signs and relevant medical history. It can be divided into necessary basis, main basis and secondary basis.

(4) Related factors are the reasons or situations for the establishment and maintenance of nursing diagnosis, such as disease, treatment, psychological, situational factors and developmental factors.

2. Differences between nursing diagnosis and medical diagnosis

Clinical research subjects Nursing diagnosis A clinical judgment of the response to existing or potential health problems or life processes in individuals, families, and society is the individual’s response to health problems, which changes with the patient’s response. Nursing staff make medical diagnosis within the scope of nursing duties. A clinical judgment of individual pathological changes is a disease, and its name remains unchanged during the course of the disease. The content described by medical staff within the scope of medical responsibilities. Scope of responsibilities of decision makers 3. Precautions for writing nursing diagnosis

① Nursing diagnosis shall adopt a unified and standardized name.

② Implement the overall nursing concept, and nursing diagnosis should include psychological, physiological, and social aspects.

③ A nursing diagnosis is only for one health problem.

④ To clarify the relevant factors of each nursing diagnosis, it is the basis for formulating nursing measures, and the way of “related to??” should be used when stating.

⑤ Regarding “lack of knowledge” and diagnosis, it should be stated as “lack of knowledge: lack of knowledge about??”, not “related to?? way”.

4. Cooperative problems – potential complications The way of stating potential complications is “potential complications:??” or “PC:??”.

IV. Nursing plan

1. Types Nursing plans can be divided into three categories: admission, hospitalization, and care plans upon discharge.

2. The process of devising plans

(1) Prioritization of nursing diagnosis

① Priority problem: It is a problem that directly threatens the patient’s life and requires immediate action to solve it.

② Medium-priority problem: Although it does not directly threaten the patient’s life, it can also lead to physical unhealth or emotional changes.

③ Suboptimal problem: It refers to a problem that is not related to this onset and can be solved later in the nursing process.

(2) Formulation of Expected Goals The types of goals are short-term and long-term. The statement of goals includes subject, predicate, standard of behavior, conditional adverbial and evaluation time. The principle of formulating goals.

(3) Formulation of nursing measures

① Dependent nursing measures: that is, measures carried out in accordance with the doctor’s instructions.

② Cooperative nursing measures: measures taken with the assistance of nurses and other medical staff.

③ Independent nursing measures: measures proposed and taken independently by nurses without relying on the doctor’s instructions.

(4) Precautions for formulating nursing measures Nursing measures should be targeted; Nursing measures should be feasible; Nursing measures should be consistent with the measures of other medical personnel; Nursing measures should be scientifically based; Nursing measures should be specific, executable, and operable.

5. Implementation

1. Process

(1) Prepare to think about the five “W” questions before implementation: What (measure content), Who (implementer), HOW (technology and skills), When (measure time), Where (place where measures are implemented).

(2) Record nursing records after implementation Take the way of PIO to record nursing activities. P (problem, problem), I (intervention, measure), O (outcome, result).

2. Problems that should be paid attention to in the implementation process

① The nursing process is centered on the whole person, and the patient’s psychology, habits, etc. should be comprehensively considered.

② The implementation of nursing activities should be based on scientific knowledge and the results of nursing scientific research.

③ When the nurse executes the doctor’s order, it should be clear about its meaning. If there is any doubt, it should be clarified before execution.

④ Nursing measures must ensure safety and prevent complications.

⑤ During the implementation process, patients should be encouraged to actively participate in nursing activities.

④ Evaluation and evaluation should be integrated into the implementation process, and the plan should be implemented flexibly according to the changes in the condition.

VI. Evaluation

1. Step ① Collect data on the patient’s current health status.

② Compared with the expected goal, evaluate whether the goal is achieved.

③ Adjust and revise the nursing plan according to the evaluation results.

2. The relationship between evaluation and other steps. Evaluation is equivalent to feedback in the nursing program system. Through evaluation, the nursing program becomes a continuous

Related Posts

new direction weight management system shakes

The instruction manual for Xiaomi Body Scale 2?

The following are the instructions for using Xiaomi Body Scale 2: 1. The scale should be placed on a hard plane to ensure the accuracy of the measurement…

easy skin care routines for black skin

My skin is naturally black, how to make up? What cosmetics to use?

Natural skin black can use skin care products with whitening ingredients, but the skin is easier to dry after using whitening products, because whitening skin care products can…

momcomesfirst skin care routine

against be used?

How should the word against [‘enst;’ einst] prep. Opposite; oppose; violate; violate; reverse: againstone’swill Against one’s will, against one’s will toFightagainstevil Fighting against evil Bump; bump, bump, hit,…

after sun skin care routine

Can you clean and take care of your skin after sun exposure?

1 Step 1, wash your face. The first thing to do is to wash your face, because after sun exposure, your face will secrete oil. If you don’t…

science diet adult weight management

How much food does an adult eat every day?

The average person consumes a total of 1700 kcal of calories a day, which is equivalent to about 5 taels of rice, about half a catty of meat,…

Schwarzenegger Weight and Height?

Celebrity Name: Arnold Schwarzenegger (ARNOLDSCHWARZENEGGER) Birth Year: July 30, 1947 Celebrity Title: Actor, Writer, Director, Restaurant Owner Nationality: United States Birthplace: Tel Village, Graz, Austria Current Residence: California,…

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *