Weight management

Biological characteristics of Carpathian honeybees?

1. Body shape Appearance, characteristics, characteristics

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The queen bee has two body colors, one is dark brown and the other is flower color. The abdominal back plate has a dark brown ring; the worker bee is black, and the abdominal back plate has a brown-yellow ring; the male bee is black. The worker bee’s snout length is 6.42mm ± 0.18; the right anterior wing length is 9.47mm ± 0.30, and the width is 3.23mm ± 0.17; the third and fourth abdominal back plates are 4.59mm ± 0.02; the fourth dorsal plate process distance is 4.47mm ± 0.10; the number of wing hooks is 21.61 ± 1.27; the cubital pulse index is 2.33mm ± 0. 35; The area of the first pair of wax mirrors is 3.60 (mm) 2 ± 0.27

2. Weight

(1) The primary body weight of the queen bee: (no test in this regard)

(2) The primary body weight of male bees: (no test in this regard)

(3) The primary body weight of worker bees: 97.83mg ± 3.73

3. Main production performance

Carpathian bees like to pack the recovered honey to the lateral limbic spleen without compressing the spawning ring. In the colony of 15 frame swarm potential in this area, the yield of linden honey can reach 50-80 kg. Carpathian honeybees are good at using sporadic and bulk honeybees, saving feed, and almost no artificial feeding is required during the breeding period. The amount of royal jelly produced is similar to that of Caucasian honeybees and Carniola honeybees. When the colony reaches more than 12 frames, the amount of plasma secreted is higher. The yield of a single frame in 72 hours reaches about 45 grams, and the content of 10-HDA in royal jelly reaches 2.2. The amount of pollen harvested is lower than that of Caucasian honeybees. The annual colony yield of pollen in Changbai Mountains is 3.0~ 5.5kg. The wax secretion has strong ability to make spleen, loves to repair new spleen, and the spleen creation speed is fast. In 1983, the annual yield of wax was measured, and the average colony of Carpathian honeybees produced 319 grams of wax; the average colony of Caucasian honeybees was 176 grams; Reproductive performance

Carpathian queen bee has strong oviposition, neatly laid eggs, and has the habit of laying eggs on one nest spleen and then transferring to another nest spleen. The sub-spleen area is large, the density is as high as 95% or more, the number of sub-spleens can reach 9 to 11, and the number of bees can reach 13 to 15 boxes without bee fever. The brood rhythm is steep, the queen bee lays eggs vigorously when the external honey powder is abundant, the worker bee breeds actively, the larva feed is sufficient, and the spleen expands quickly; when the honey powder source is poor, the queen bee lays eggs at a lower rate, and the worker bee provides less feed to the larva. The queen bee likes to lay eggs on the new spleen. In the late stage of the autumn beetle honey source, the bees cultivated on the new spleen can also safely emerge from the house, and the rate of spleen formation is higher than that of other bee species

5. Nutritional Needs

(1) Nutritional Effects of Protein and Amino Acids on Bees

Bees, like other animals, cannot produce all amino acids. They need to ingest protein from food, break it down into various amino acids after digestion, and then synthesize their own proteins by the ribosome in the cell. The muscles, glands and other tissues of bees are mainly composed of proteins. The renewal and repair of bee tissues and organs and the energy required for daily activities of bees are inseparable from protein. Protein accounts for 13% of the body weight of newly emerging worker bees. The protein required by bees is mainly obtained from pollen, and the protein content in pollen is 8% to 40%. A strong bee colony consumes about 30 to 45kg of pollen every year.

(2) Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates are mainly sugars, including monosaccharides, disaccharides and polysaccharides, which are important substances that constitute the body of bees; supply the energy required for individual growth and development and flight activities of bees; adjust the intestinal microecology. Bees mainly obtain carbohydrates from nectar, and a group of bees needs to consume at least 60-70kg of honey in a year. Bees provide energy by the decomposition of monosaccharides when flying, and need to constantly replenish nectar or honey.

(3) Fat

Fat, also known as triglycerides, is an essential nutrient for the growth and development of bees. If it is missing, the development of pupae will be affected, and the emergence and wings of adult bees are also affected. The source of fat is honey and pollen. It is an important part of the bee body and an important raw material for the internal and external secretions of bees. It can maintain body temperature, protect organs, and provide essential unsaturated fatty acids for life activities.

(4) Vitamins

Vitamins are divided into two categories: water-soluble and fat-soluble. Lack of vitamins can seriously affect the growth and development of bees, fecundity, and egg viability. Many water-soluble vitamins are components of coenzymes in bees and participate in the metabolic process of the body together with enzymes. The vitamins that bees need are mainly obtained from honey and pollen.

(5) Minerals

Minerals are also called “inorganic salts”. Participate in various biochemical reactions of bees; regulate the osmotic pressure of blood and tissues; compose body tissues to participate in substance metabolism. Under general conditions, bees can obtain enough inorganic salts from bee food and honey, and do not need special feeding.

Moisture

Bee larvae contain 77% water. Water is the main component of body fluids and has a special effect on the normal substance metabolism of bees. Water is also an important solvent involved in transportation and metabolism; it is the main component of lubricants. Bees can reduce the temperature of the hive through the evaporation of water. Similarly, it can also use water to maintain the temperature of the hive. Bees need very little water during the overwintering period. Part of the water required by bees can be obtained in nectar, and a large amount of water also requires some collecting bees to fly out to collect. The water consumption of a colony varies with the strength of the colony and is affected by climatic conditions.

6. Other information to be explained

Carpathian bees have strong directional power, are not easy to lose their nests, and do not like to be a thief, but they are not heat-resistant. They are usually docile and irritable during the nectar period; the breeding king and the secretion are sensitive to external conditions; worker bees are more likely to lay eggs after the colony loses its king. After crossing with other bee species, Carpathian bees show obvious hybridization. Honeyhouse Seal Dry Type

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